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Muharram 10 – Day of Ashura 2012 / 1434 AH on November 24
Every year on the 10th day of Muharram
in the Islamic calendar, the Shi’a Muslim community across the world
commemorates the mourning for the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the
grandson of Muhammad.
On this day in the Islamic year 61 AH,
in the Battle of Karbala, Imam Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of the
Islamic prophet Muhammad, and a Shia Imam, was killed by the forces of
the second Umayyad caliph Yazid I.
The day is known as Day of Ashura
(Arabic: عاشوراء) or Youm-E-Ashura or Yaumul Ashura or simple known as
Muharram or Muharram 10.
In 2012 (Islamic Year 1434 AH), Day of Ashura (Muharram) will fall on 24th November 2012.
Shi’a Muslim’s mourn from 1st Muharram
to 10th Muharram and this period is called Remembrance of Muharram
(Arabic: ذكرى محرم or مناسبة محرم).
Many Shia also tend to embark on a
pilgrimage to the Imam Husayn Shrine in Karbala (Ziarat Imam Husayn
Shrine), one of the holiest places for Shias outside of Mecca and
Medina. Up to one million pilgrims a year visit the city to observe the
anniversary of Husayn ibn Ali’s death.
In South Asia, a number of literary and
musical genres like marsiya, noha and soaz which are inspired by the
Battle of Karbala are recited to increase the peoples understanding of
how the enemies fought The Battle of Karbala against Husayn and his
In some countries, Shia Muslim’s beat
their chests, slapping their cheeks, striking their shoulders with
chains and cutting their heads with swords to let the blood flow as a
display of their devotion to Imam Husayn and in remembrance of his
suffering (Zanjeer Matam).
Shias believe Hussain’s sacrifice was ordered by God and was necessary to awaken the ummah and stop Yazid hijacking Islam.